How Alcohol Affects Fertility In Women And Men

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How Alcohol Affects Fertility In Women And Men

Curiosity is one of the reasons people drink alcohol, some individuals are just curious to know what it feels if one consume it. Another reason for drinking is to relieve stress. Stress is inevitable, but some people are unable to handle the pressures of life and turn to beer, but in the end, they end up with serious problems like alcoholism. In most cases, beer is served in social gatherings, and one may start drinking in such places. Perhaps the main reason for drinking is peer pressure, young people and adolescents are more prone to this. They find themselves in places where wine is available and are unable to handle the pressure from their peers, thus, they take liquor to fit in the group. They take the intoxicating drink just as an experiment; consequently, it becomes a difficult habit to do away with. When they (young people) mature and starts their family, it becomes difficult to cause a pregnancy. As a man, of course, the blame is on your wife. However, after you visit fertility expert and some tests are run and the doctor informs you the inability for your spouse to become pregnant may be related to alcohol consumption.


Alcohol and Fertility


Fertility is the ability to conceive or the man to make a female pregnant. There is strong evidence that the strong drink can lower fertility in both men and women. But how does the intoxicating beverage reduce the chance of conceiving? Alcohol is available in many forms such as beer, wine, spirit and liquor; there isn’t any form which is better than the other. All the forms contain ethanol, although in different percentages and may make it hard for conception to occur. Even drinking spirit in moderation may interfere with fertility. The reproductive system comprises of:


  • The brain 
  • The pituitary gland 
  • Ovaries in women 
  • Testicles in men 


The hypothalamus in the brain releases an important hormone known as the gonadotropin releasing hormone which travels through the blood vessels and to the pituitary gland. The gland responds by releasing luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) which influences the function of the testes and ovaries. In a woman, FSH and LH stimulate ovarian follicle development, ovulation, and production of estrogen hormone as well as progesterone. In a man, these two hormones cause the production of testosterone hormone and sperm maturation.


Excessive consumption affects the body’s reproductive system. The effects of beer increase with the amount consumed; the more the quantity, the greater the damage.


Male Fertility and Alcohol Consumption


Alcohol may affect erectile dysfunction in a man, though there are many factors which can affect erectile dysfunction such as emotional stress. Initially, drinking beer increases the sexual desire in a man, but may prevent sexual performance. There are three main categories of erectile dysfunction in a man due to alcohol consumption namely:


  1. Sexual desire disorder – it is commonly termed as decrease or loss of libido. A man’s libido, excitement, and energy levels are affected by drinking liquor. Alcoholism makes a man tired which minimizes the desire to be involved with one’s spouse. Lack of interest in sex may affect the relationship with others and mental health of a person.
  2. Sexual arousal issues – it is the main problem reported by alcoholic men. It affects the ability of a man to attain and maintain an erection since spirit inhibits the blood vessels in a man’s penis from closing, preventing the penis to remain erect. This affects the concentration levels, lowers the ability to stay aroused during sex and raises fatigue levels. Without the influence of the strong drink, the penis becomes erect after arousal since it is filled with blood, the vessels close which prevents back-flow. Excessive consumption of spirits results to damage of the blood vessels, creating penis and heart problems.
  3. Orgasm disorder – it is accompanied by the inability to get to orgasm, particularly if a man is intoxicated and he will encounter premature or delayed ejaculation. Orgasm disorders can be as a result of persistent fatigue and anxiety, they are made worse by using beer.


Chronic consumption of this intoxicating drink, as earlier mentioned affects the male reproductive system. It also affects the levels of hormones produced by the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland. Heavy drinkers of wine are at risk of testicles shrinking and low testosterone production, eventually, this can lead to impotence. Sperm count and sperm quality aren’t spared by liquor as well.


Female Infertility and Alcohol Consumption


Women should not drink liquor as well, more so if one plans to conceive. Heavy drinking affects the menstrual cycle and ovulation in a woman, making it a challenge for a woman to conceive; without ovulation, conception is impossible.


Furthermore, just like men, the sex desire in a woman is impacted significantly by spirits. Initially, if a woman (who fears to engage in sex) takes wine in moderation, her fears and anxieties are greatly reduced. However, alcohol is addictive; hence she will continue to drink and may rely on it to get involved or initiate sex. At first, it will work, and the woman will be at ease and enjoy sexual intercourse. She will be more confident, which implies positive sexual activity. Nonetheless, as alcoholism creeps in, it will definitely affect the body, the mind as well as the sexual desires. The desire for sex will diminish, arousal during sexual contact will be minimized and it will be a challenge to get an orgasm. It will be difficult to become lubricated even when trying out sex positions which had worked previously.


A woman in an advanced stage of alcoholism will be faced with physiological and psychological issues affecting her sexual function. Menstruation and ovulation problems are as a result of damaged liver. The hormonal changes are to be blamed for problems with arousal, sexuality, and sexual functions. A woman may experience physical changes in her vagina, such as vaginal atrophy; this may be irreversible. A female is also discouraged from drinking spirit during pregnancy because it can lead to:



From the above, it’s clear that alcohol and fertility are closely related. Before you think of having a glass of this strong drink, go through the article, the risks are far too many to be ignored, not only to fertility but overall health. The parting shot is if planning to conceive now or in the future, drinking spirits should be avoided, if already addicted to the intoxicating beverage, it is advisable to seek professional help.

Article Name
How Alcohol Affects Fertility In Women And Men
Alcohol not only reduces fertility but also can cross the placenta in pregnant women and cause noticeable harm to the fetus by entering the bloodstream...
Publisher Name
Fertility Drugs Online
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