Sometimes, type II diabetes is described as the lifestyle disease as it’s common in individuals who don’t do adequate physical exercise and those who are overweight or obese. It is linked to high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Almost half of the people living with the condition are yet to be diagnosed. The symptoms of the ailment often go unnoticed or related to other reasons like being busy or growing old. Additionally, it may run in a family. According to research, type II diabetes can be delayed or prevented through lifestyle changes; for some, it is possible to control it through diet and exercise. However, other people may require medication. Remember, there isn’t any cure for type II diabetes; the medication used, such as Pioglitazone 30 mg is used to manage the condition.
How Pioglitazone HCL 30 mg Works
Pioglitazone comes in the form of a tablet taken once daily. The starting dose of the medication is Pioglitazone 30 mg tablets. It is used to control blood sugar levels in patients who can’t take Metformin. Still, it may be used together with Metformin or Sulphonylurea for people whose blood glucose levels aren’t regulated by the maximum doses of these drugs.
The pancreas of a Patient with type II diabetes don’t produce enough insulin and the body cells are resistant to extremely low levels of insulin circulating in the blood. Insulin hormone enables the cells to remove glucose from the blood. Hence blood sugar levels may rise too high. Pioglitazone drug regulates blood sugar levels, causing liver and muscle cells to be sensitive to insulin; the cells are able to remove sugar from the blood effectively. Furthermore, the medication decreases the quantity produced by the liver and maintains the functioning of beta cells in the pancreas. In a nutshell, the overall needed effect of Pioglitazone 30 mg tab is to regulate blood sugar levels and stop them from becoming too high.
While on the medicine, follow the diet and exercise given by the physician for it to work effectively; the drug is not a substitute for healthy eating and physical activity. Diet and exercises are an important part of the treatment plan. Physical activity makes it easier to regulate blood glucose levels. As earlier mentioned, diet and exercise alone can control blood sugar levels in some people, how is this possible? As you exercise, the muscles use glucose even in the absence of insulin. It doesn’t matter if there is adequate insulin or insulin resistance; while exercising, the muscles obtain the glucose they require; consequently, the blood sugar levels go down.
If one is insulin resistant, as you exercise, the insulin is more effective, that is the insulin resistance goes down and the cells use the glucose as expected. Most people diagnosed with type II diabetes are overweight, thus exercise and diet are inevitable. Nevertheless, consult your medical care provider to check your heart health, also start with less strenuous exercise, but the doctor will guide you through.
What to discuss with the doctor before taking this drug
As one makes a decision to use Pioglitazone 30 mg tablets, the risks of using the medication and the good it will do must be put into consideration. It’s advisable to consider the following:
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding – certain medicines shouldn’t be used while pregnant or breastfeeding, other medicines, nonetheless, can be safe to use. If pregnant or planning to become pregnant, it’s advisable to inform the physician. This drug shouldn’t be used in pregnancy; its safety has not been established yet. The patient should use contraception to prevent conception, but if you become pregnant, inform the physician. For breastfeeding mothers, it’s unclear if it passes into breast milk. It is advisable to avoid taking the medication while breastfeeding. For further inquiry on breastfeeding and pregnancy, seek medical advice.
- Seniors – as one age, organs such as the kidneys and liver may not work properly as they did when one was younger. This can make the patient more sensitive to Pioglitazone 30 mg side effects; hence one is monitored more closely while on the medication.
- Children – safety and effectiveness of the medicine hasn’t been established in children aged below 18 years of age. The use of the drug within the age bracket is determined by the health care provider.
- Allergies – the medicine can lead to a severe allergic reaction, and symptoms can include trouble breathing, swelling of the throat or tongue and hives. Ensure you inform the medical care provider of the existing allergies.
- Drug interactions – some medicines shouldn’t be used together for drug interaction might occur. It is important to inform the healthcare professional on the medication you are on, even over the counter medications.
- Other interactions – using alcohol and tobacco may interact with the medication and may lower blood sugar levels, hence while on the therapy, avoid alcohol and tobacco.
- Existing medical conditions – the existence of health problems may affect the use of the drug. Inform the physician the medical problems for example bladder cancer, heart failure, and trauma.
The side effects of the medication affect people differently, they may be severe or mild; some common side effects may not require medical attention. As the body becomes used to the medication, the unwanted effects can disappear. The medical care provider may be able to help in the prevention and reduction of the undesired effects. However, if the side effects are persistent or concerned about them, inform the doctor.
Below is a list of the common side effects:
- Increased urination
- Dry mouth
- Increased hunger
- Increased thirst
- Sore throat
- Stomach ache
A patient may be faced with serious complications if he or she doesn’t take the drug as prescribed. Furthermore, if one avoids taking the medication, blood sugar levels become elevated. Over time, high blood glucose levels can harm the nerves, heart or kidneys. Taking an overdose of the drug may lead to low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) and symptoms may include:
- Fast heart rate
- Impatience or irritability
- Blurred vision
In the case of an overdose, seek medical help with immediate effect. For a missed dose, take it once you remember. Nevertheless, if the next dose is in a few hours, just wait for it. Don’t try to catch up by taking two doses at a go as it could lead to toxic side effects.
Pioglitazone 30 mg price range from one pharmacy to another, request the medical care provider to refer you to a reputable pharmacy.