According to estimates, at least one in seven couples has difficulties conceiving. If you’ve been having unprotected sex with your partner for more than a year and are still not pregnant, chances are, you may start to wonder if you have a fertility problem and begin researching on the common causes of infertility. You are not alone.
Unfortunately, an infertility diagnosis isn’t news to be taken lightly. Both men and women can be a source of infertility. Well, the good news is, a large number of infertility cases are treated either by dealing with the cause or using different methods like artificial insemination.
Causes of Infertility in Women
Different conditions cause most of the infertility problems in women. Some of the most commonly diagnosed causes include;
- EndometriosisThis is when the excess endometrium – the small pieces of the womb lining – begins to grow in other places aside from the uterus such as the ovaries. Nearly 50 percent of infertility cases found in women are as a result of endometriosis. How does endometriosis cause infertility? These new growths begin to form cysts or adhesions that may eventually block the pelvis. When this happens, it becomes quite difficult for an egg to be released and be implanted in the womb.
- Ovulation Disorder
Problems with ovulation have been regarded as the most common causes of infertility among women. These disorders often affect egg release from the ovaries often stopping women from releasing eggs or causing the release of eggs during some cycles. Hormonal disorders and hyperprolactinemia are such problems that may interfere with ovulation.
- Fallopian Tube Damage or Blockage
An egg often travels from the ovary to the womb via the fallopian tubes. If the fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged, then this process may be impossible, and it would be difficult to conceive naturally. Factors such as uterine fibroids, ectopic pregnancy, or endometriosis may cause damage to the fallopian tubes.
Causes of Male Infertility
Infertility has always been thought of as a female concern when in reality, it is an equal-opportunity condition meaning even men can be sources of infertility. In fact, about a third of the cases are attributed solely to the man. Infertility in men may be caused by;
- Low Sperm Count
According to doctors’ research, more than 20 million sperm per mL is considered a healthy sperm count and anything below that is seen as a low sperm count. Poor lifestyle choices, illness and damaged reproductive organs are a few reasons why you may have a low sperm count.
- Poor Sperm Health
A decrease in the sperm mobility makes it harder for the sperm to swim to the egg contributing to infertility among men. Moreover, your sperm may sometimes be in an abnormal shape thus proving hard to move and fertilize the female egg. Usually, the causes of low sperm count are equally similar to having a poor sperm health though not all men with a low sperm count will have poor sperm health
- Ejaculation Disorders
Some men may experience ejaculation problems that will make it very hard for them to ejaculate while other will have premature ejaculation where it occurs too quickly. Either way, these disorders affect the delivery of the sperm, in turn, preventing fertilization.
- Epididymis Blockage
Also commonly known as the Vas Deferens Blockage is another cause of infertility in men. The Vas Deferens is the tube where the fertile egg is transported, and unfortunately, when a blockage occurs, this may be quite impossible. Major contributors to this blockage are Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Varicocele.
Other common factors such as age in women and having inflamed testes or lifestyle factors may additionally affect fertility in both males and females. It is advisable to seek medical help and visit your doctor if you’ve been trying to get pregnant for over a year to no avail. You’ll be able to undergo fertility testing that will help determine the causes of infertility and how to deal with it.