Fertility drugs for example Femara have brought a beam of hope to women struggling with infertility. Fertility drugs may be used to:
- Trigger egg development and release after the egg has matured in women who don’t ovulate, this is known as ovulation induction.
- Raises chances of conception in women who ovulate, particularly in assisted reproductive technology, this is referred to as superovulation.
Femara has been helpful to many, although using this medication cause side effects. So, what is Femara and its side effects? First, understand its definition and how it works.
What Is Femara?
Take note that if you use Femara, you will encounter unwanted effects, but continue reading to be aware of the benefits the drug has to offer. The drug falls under the category of medications termed as aromatase inhibitors. An aromatase enzyme produces estrogen in your body. This med works by subduing the production of estrogen causing the pituitary gland to release hormones required in ovulation, but you will experience negative effects. The hormones are follicle stimulating hormones and luteinizing hormone; they induce ovulation if you have anovulation or raises egg production in the ovary if already ovulating normally. That’s how the drug works in treating infertility, using the drug pose a risk of side effects. The drug starting dosage is 2.5 mg per day.
Many fertility hospitals use Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid) as the first choice for ovulation induction or superovulation, it has been considered an effective medicine. Nevertheless, it stays in the body for a long time and one can experience adverse effects on the uterine lining and the cervical mucus. Also, some women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) don’t respond well to Clomid, thus Femara comes in handy to save the situation for the women who have been unresponsive to Clomid. Still, if you start to ovulate as a result of Clomid but you are unable to get pregnant, This medication may be the magic pill to cause the pregnancy. At times, though, you may use Femara together with Clomid, the fertility expert will advise on the way forward. However, it does not mean you will not face side effects, although the unwanted effects of the medication may not be severe as in the case of Clomid unwanted effects. This medication is metabolized quickly by your body and some medics believe it stays in the tissues and the bloodstream for a short time, that’s why side effects may be mild and clear after a couple of days or weeks.
What is the pregnancy success?
Women taking Femara have recorded successful pregnancy and life birth after taking the drug; although the success will depend on your age and some fertility factors. In the course of its use, patients must be watchful for negative effects . It’s good to note that the drug can be used to treat endometriosis, which is a painful condition, when used under this circumstance a woman must be on non-hormonal birth control method as advised by the doctor to prevent ovulation stimulation.
Femara has been approved by the FDA to treat and manage cancer, particularly breast cancer, it’s a cancer drug and the other uses are off-label uses. Estrogen fuels cancer, thus, taking these tablets to treat or prevent cancer, inhibits estrogen production and the cancer cells can’t spread. The patients are at risk of side effects. Your doctor may prescribe the drug to treat the elaborated conditions, no matter the circumstance the medicine is employed for; your doctor will prepare you in advance for the unwanted effects.
Negative effects of Femara for breast cancer treatment are similar to infertility side effects. Why is this so? It is the same medication, but used to treat different ailments; the wanted or expected effect is to inhibit estrogen production. What may vary is the time the drug is taken. Cancer patients take the drug for at least five years contrary to women dealing with infertility who use the medicine for five days only! Therefore, when used to control cancer, long term unwanted effects like joint and muscle pain may be noted. Side effects are classified into two categories namely:
The common negative effects are mild and may not require any medical attention as the effects may clear on their own and they are:
- Back pain
- Joint pain
- Bone pain
- Hot flashes or night sweats
- Weight gain
- Fluid retention
If the usual negative effects listed above persist, it’s crucial to contact the physician. If the effects are not bothersome, greater chances are that they will go away. On the other hand, severe side effects may need medical attention and they include:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Feeling unusually weak or tired
- Extreme pain, swelling, and warmth in the leg
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath or breathing difficulties
- Bone fracture
- Allergic reactions to the medication
Side effects of Femara 2.5 mg are associated with how the medication works. The drug reduces estrogen levels. Low estrogen levels prompt the negative effects. For better understanding, the drug side effect weight gain is directly linked to high cholesterol levels due to reduced estrogen levels. Increased cholesterol levels lead to excessive weight gain. Your doctor will monitor cholesterol levels as you use the medicine. Additionally, the drug side effect joint pain is as a result of estrogen fluctuation. Most of this medication negative effects are similar to menopausal symptoms. Why is this case? As you approach menopause, the levels of your hormones start to drop, leading to a permanent decrease of estrogen hormone.
Before the doctor prescribes Femara, he must perform tests to confirm you have an adequate bone density that is enough calcium and minerals in the bones. Estrogen strengthens your bones, so, during treatment the drug may trigger bone loss consequently, causing bone fractures. In the course of its use, you will undergo tests frequently to check the bone density. Well, you have information of this medication and its side effects, for further inquiry, contact your doctor.