Fertility Treatments – What are the Options?

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Fertility Treatments – What are the Options?

 

Below, we will discuss the different options for fertility treatments in detail.

 

Fertility drugs

 

Fertility drugs regulate the hormones involved in reproduction and cause the one or more eggs to be released per ovulation cycle. Fertility drugs such as clominophene and gonadotropins are used by women mostly for three to six months prior to conceiving or attempting a different treatment.

  • Side effects: Clomiphene – Visual symptoms, headaches, cramping, hot flashes, vaginal dryness and bloating. Bloating, soreness and rashes may be caused by Gonadotropins. It is likely to have twins or more.
  • Success rates – Using fertility drugs (often with artificial insemination); around 20 percent to 60 percent of women become pregnant.
  • Cost – At least $50 a month. In addition, the following also need to be accounted for –ultrasound of the ovaries, visits to the doctor, follow-up procedures like artificial insemination etc – and may come to around $2000 to $5000 monthly inclusive of Gonadotropin injections.

 

Surgery

 

 fertility Surgery

 

Helping fix defects that are genetic in nature or fallopian tubes that are blocked, fibroids, endometriosis or ovarian cysts may also be removed by surgery.

  • Side effects – Temporary discomfort may result in the chest and shoulders may result due to the carbon dioxide that surgery uses. The abdominal area may also feel sore for a few days.
  • Success rates – Conception is possible in about 40 percent to 60 percent of women who are treated for scar tissue and endometriosis. Around 10 percent to 90 percent of those women whose tubes have been cleared are able to conceive.
  • Cost – Costs from $3,000 to $10,000 for surgery.

 

Artificial insemination

 

artificial-insemination

 

An injection into the uterus is given and this contains a dose of concentrated sperm obtained from the partner or from a donor. A catheter is used.

  • Side effects – You may cramp for about a day after the sperm injection. The use of fertility drugs may be necessary prior to the procedure and the risk of having multiple pregnancies may happen. Also, there is a risk of ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS).
  • Success rates – About 5 percent to 25 percent of women undergoing the process of artificial insemination are able to conceive.
  • Cost – About $300 to $700 for this procedure.

 

In vitro fertilization (IVF)

 

In vitro fertilization

 

After removing them from the ovaries of the woman, eggs are fertilized using sperm from the partner or that is donated, under laboratory conditions. The embryos that result are then placed in the woman’s uterus.

  • Side effects – The use of fertility drugs prior to the procedure raises the risk/chances of having multiple pregnancies and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) may also develop.
  • Success rates –With IVF, around 28 percent and 35 percent of women are able to conceive.
  • Cost – Usually costs between $8,000 and $15,000.

 

Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)

 

Gamete intrafallopian transfer

 

The mixture of eggs and sperm from the partner or a donor (mixed in a lab) is injected surgically into the fallopian tubes of the woman to facilitate fertilization to inside the woman’s body, naturally.

  • Side effects – The recovery time is longer than IVF and there may be temporary discomfort in the chest and shoulders from the carbon dioxide used during surgery. Fertility drugs before the procedure may be necessary and there is an increased risk of having multiples and of developing ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS).
  • Success rates – About 25 to 30 percent of women who try GIFT conceive.
  • Cost – Usually costs between $8,000 and $15,000.

 

Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)

 

The eggs and sperm are mixed together in a lab; but during ZIFT, the doctor makes sure your eggs are fertilized before surgically placing them in the fallopian tubes.

  • Side effects – Procedure is similar to a cycle of GIFT, but more time will be spent waiting on the lab. Temporary discomfort in the chest and shoulders from the carbon dioxide used during surgery may result. Taking fertility drugs before the procedure may raise your risk of having multiples and of developing ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome (OHSS).
  • Success rates – About 25 to 30 percent of women who try ZIFT conceive.
  • Cost – Usually costs between $8,000 and $15,000.

 

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

 

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection

 

A single embryo resulting when sperm is injected into a single egg is placed into the woman’s uterus.

  • Side effects – A surgical biopsy or a microscopic needle is used in an effort to draw sperm from the testicle of the man. The process, however, is not as bad as it may seem.
  • Success rates – Around 35 percent of those couples who use ICSI are able to conceive.
  • Cost – Costs from $10,000 to $17,000.

 

Donor eggs and embryos

 

An egg or an embryo is donated by another woman and this is then mixed with sperm from the man and implanted in the uterus.

  • Side effects – The process of making a choice of the donor of the egg (or of the embryo) can be rather long.
  • Success rates – Conception is possible in 43 percent of those women who go the IVF route using donor eggs or embryos.
  • Cost – Costs around $10,000 to $20,000 for IVF with a donor egg or embryo (including compensation for the donor)

 

Gestational carriers (surrogate mothers)

 

A surrogate or gestational carrier carries either your embryo or that of a donor, to term. Then, a gestational carrier gives up her parental rights.

  • Side effects – Control over the pregnancy may not be available since it is not possible to dictate what to eat and how to handle stress to the carrier.
  • Success rates – Not available.
  • Cost – Costs from $15,000 to $50,000 – with about $12,000 going to the surrogate mother, the rest towards legal fees set by lawyers and agencies

 

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Fertility Treatments – What are the Options?
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Below, we will discuss the different options for fertility treatments in detail.
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Fertility Drugs Online
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