Every woman should be concerned about fertility in women because getting pregnant isn’t simple. A woman planning to get pregnant is excited and looks forward to confirming her pregnancy. She can’t help but keep with her fertility testing kit, to do a home pregnant test to check if she has conceived. A lot of factors can lead to infertility in women such as lifestyle and the food. What is female fertility? It is the ability of a woman to conceive. A female can question her fertility if she had tried to conceive by having unprotected sex with a fertile man for one year; getting pregnant calls for patience.
Women’s Fertility Cycle
A woman must be aware when she is most fertile in order to attain a pregnancy easily; this means she must be familiar with women fertility cycle. A woman should maximize the fertile days by having sex frequently; at least once daily. Women’s fertility cycle is five days before ovulation and the actual day that ovulation takes place. However, monthly cycle is different for every woman. Thus, a woman looking forward to pregnancy must go an extra mile to tell when she is most fertile. A woman should record her menstrual cycle for at least eight months to determine her female fertility cycle. To pinpoint the exact days a woman is fertile she can:
- Buy a thermometer to check and chart her basal body temperature in the morning (just before she gets out of bed). A rise in temperature is a good indication that ovulation has taken place.
- Check changes in her cervical mucus and record her observations. Just before ovulation, mucus is stretchy, clear, wet and resembles egg whites.
Fertility Test for Women
A woman has an option to visit her fertility doctor to undergo female fertility test. Before the tests are done, the doctor will need to know about some issues related to women’s fertility such as:
- If she has ever been pregnant previously and what happened to the pregnancies
- Frequency of monthly period for twelve months
- If she has irregular periods, spots between periods or misses periods
- Birth control methods she has used in her life
- Female fertility treatments she has gone in the past if any
If a woman had previously consulted a doctor due to fertility issues and had been on fertility treatments for women, she must take fertility records together with X-rays. She can send them to the doctor before. After that, she will undergo fertility test for women like:
- Physical examination to check for infections, gonorrhea or other diseases that can be causes of infertility in women.
- Blood tests are used to determine the levels of reproductive hormones for example luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH).
- BBT (basal temperature charting) – this has been elaborated previously.
- Postcoital test – the doctor gets sample mucus from the woman after the intercourse to test if it’s good enough to carry out its role such as speeding, nourishing and protecting the sperm. Inadequate mucus is a cause of infertility in female.
- Pelvic ultrasound exam; the doctor requests a woman to do a scan so that the doctor can check if the uterus and ovaries are normal and working as expected. Abnormalities of the uterus can be associated with female infertility.
Female Fertility Age
What is the relationship between women’s age and fertility?
Between 23 to 30 years, women are fertile and conception is easy; medics believe it is the age of fertility for women. A woman is born with about 2 million eggs, the eggs decline each month. By puberty, most of the eggs have been lost. Every month, the egg grows and matures, but a majority of the eggs never mature. Only a small percentage of eggs will be viable for pregnancy, that’s why age and female fertility go hand in hand. As a woman age, the eggs age too. Men produce sperms constantly, but women can’t make new eggs; they depend on eggs present at birth. After 31 years of age fertility declines, at 35 years of age, the decline occurs at a higher rate. Female fertility age is crucial and must be considered as influencing factor on infertility. Fertility depends on the quality and quantity of the egg. By the age of 40 years the quality and quantity of eggs have dropped drastically, chances of becoming pregnant are low and if pregnancy takes place, chances of having a miscarriage are high. A young woman aged 25 years has greater chances of becoming pregnant since her eggs are many and of good quality.
Female fertility by age declines with each passing year. Many reasons make a woman postpone having a baby such as studies, lack of enough funds to bring up children or waiting for Mr. Right (man of her dreams). A woman can’t stop her biological clock as age and fertility women are closely related, but she can take advantage of her fertility and opt for egg freezing before she reaches 30. When she is ready to become a mother, she can use her frozen eggs later in her life. Egg freezing preserves egg quality, a woman can freeze as many eggs as she desires. Women fertility age ranges between 23 to 30 years of age.
Female Infertility Signs and Symptoms
Dealing with infertility is hard! Although a woman may not plan to become pregnant soon, it is advisable to be on the lookout for symptoms of female infertility. At some point in life, the desire of having children is uncontrollable. It’s better for a female to know she is infertile and seek fertility aid for women early enough before the situation worse. Being declared infertile doesn’t mean a woman is sterile. Being infertile means you have challenges with conception.
Female Infertility Symptoms Include:
- Abnormal periods
- Irregular periods
- No period- the period either stopped or you have never experienced any in your life
- Painful periods accompanied with back pain, cramping, and pelvic pain
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Milky discharge from a woman nipple
Signs of Infertility in Women
Signs of infertility in women are not obvious. A woman can have a regular menstrual cycle, engage in sex regularly and live a healthy lifestyle but still infertile. It can be heartbreaking after the doctor confirms your fears of infertility. But you are not alone, don’t give up, but work towards increasing female fertility. It may not be easy. Occasionally, infertility in women is linked to the reproductive hormone that is a hormonal imbalance.
In such a situation, signs of female infertility entail:
- Skin changes such as acne
- Decreased sex desire
- Hair (dark in color) growth
- Loss of hair
- Weight gain
If you notice the listed points above, don’t panic. Take it easy and consult your doctor since there aren’t sure symptoms of infertile female. Though getting pregnant is not a priority for you, ensure you consult your doctor and discuss your concerns. For women who desperately need a baby, it’s not easy if you detect female infertility signs. Share your fears with the doctor, spouse, and friends; Identity and associate with women dealing with infertility. Don’t allow stress to affect you. Remember, stress can make it difficult to get pregnant. Relax and have enough sleep. Keep yourself busy with your hobbies to avoid being idle. Many women have dealt with infertility and have managed to hold their children, it’s a matter of time and all shall be well.
Failure to conceive is a sure female infertility symptom. After the doctor has carried out the fertility test he can prescribe fertility medications or give you tips to on how to increase fertility in women. Listen to the doctor and follow what he suggests. Managing female infertility is exhausting emotionally as well as physically. Seek professional counseling to aid in coping with low moments. Infertility doesn’t mean all is lost, exercises and eat healthy foods. Inform your family members to help you cope with the situation. By sharing, you unburden yourself. Detecting female signs of infertility early enough can increase chances of conceiving as the medical intervention will be sought in advance.
Causes of Infertility and Fertility Treatments For Women
What Causes Infertility in Women?
Causes of female infertility are countless. Some causes can be avoided such lifestyle habits; others can’t be for example genetic causes. It is important to have the knowledge and basic information and be in control. Maybe pregnancy is not on your agenda for now, but in future, it will be. You can always share information with friends and loved ones dealing with infertility.
Outlined below are female infertility causes:
- Insufficient cervical mucus .
- Ovulation disorders such as PCOS and ovarian insufficiency. Without ovulation, a pregnancy can’t happen. Ovulation disorders are the most common cause of infertility in women.
- Tubal infertility- this is damaged fallopian tubes.
- Endometriosis- uterus tissues growing outside the uterus.
- Uterine causes such as fibroids and uterus abnormalities.
- Medications for example, NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can cause infertility in women when used for a long time.
- Unexplained infertility- sometimes, what causes female infertility is never discovered. Lacking a specific answer is frustrating. But with time, the problem can correct itself.
Also, some lifestyle factors are the most common cause of female infertility. The good thing about the causes is that they are within your control. They are:
- Age – as previously mentioned, women’s fertility by age is a determinant of pregnancy. As a woman grows older, so does her egg supply and quality.
- Smoking- it damages the cervix, fallopian tubes, decreases the egg supply prematurely.
- Weight- being obese and underweight interferes with ovulation.
- Sexual history- STI (sexually transmitted infection)such as gonorrhea leads to infertility in women.
- Taking alcohol affects infertility in women.
The above are reasons for female infertility. If fertility is important to you, leave a healthy life. If addicted to alcohol and smoking, it wise to seek rehabilitation to avoid infertility consequences in future. Take courage and inform your doctor on your addiction, the doctor will refer you to a specialist to assist you to quit smoking and drinking. Before seeking female infertility treatments, ask your doctor about other options available to increase female fertility naturally. You can also find useful information online or talk to your close friends and relatives on how to increase female fertility and always consult your doctor on your findings. Immature female eggs need three months to mature. Therefore, before trying to have a baby, prepare your body for pregnancy, preferably three months prior or more. In preparation for pregnancy, you can boost female fertility by:
- Diet to balance hormones and increase chances of conception
- Decrease caffeine intake
- Take folic acid to hinder spinal Bifida. You can take it in form of supplements or foods that contain folic acid such as beans
- Zinc – it reduces infertility
- Exercise frequently to burn excess fat and attain a normal BMI (body mass index)
- Quit using recreational drugs
- Reduce stress
Female Infertility Treatment
As you follow the tips on how to increase fertility in women, don’t pressurize yourself. Come up with a schedule and plan your meals, time to exercise and time to consult the doctor. Be patient and don’t give up. Eventually, you will reap the benefits. Join a support group online for support and motivation. Still concerned about the infertility symptoms female? Plan a meeting with a fertility expert and air your concerns. Pay attention to the advice of the fertility expert. Ask him if there are other options to deal with infertility. The doctor will give you detailed information on infertility treatments for women such as:
- Fertility Drugs- challenges of ovulation can be dealt with medicines like Clomid and Letrozole.
- Surgery- It is performed to unblock fallopian tubes and get rid of fibroids and endometriosis
- In vitro fertilization (IVF) – fertilization taking place outside a woman’s body and the fertilized egg is placed back.
- Intrauterine insemination- rinsed semen is placed inside the uterus during ovulation. The woman is put on drugs to kick start ovulation like Gonadotropins. Additionally, Gonadotropins works well for women with unexplained infertility.
- Egg donation then IVF – suppose efforts to trigger ovulation fails. What next? You can choose egg donation, but seek to find out the donor’s age as age fertility women are key as it determines egg quality and quantity. The best egg donor should be aged between 23 to 29 years.
The above treatments have worked for many women and they are happy mothers, theirs have been success stories. It was not easy, but they were resilient and made it through. If female infertility treatment fails, it’s not the end, though the medication failing to work is almost zero. Explore other options like child inheritance or staying without any children. You have to discuss with your spouse and come to a conclusion. You are equipped with knowledge on women infertility to assist you to make a wise decision.