If childbirth involves a lot of complications or it is totally not possible for a couple due to some medical reasons, one of the best options they have is IUI treatment. Intrauterine Insemination is a boon for couples with some form of fertility or conception issues. Since the days the procedure was first developed, it has seen a lot of advancements. The success rates have significantly improved as well.
What is IUI treatment?
Intrauterine Insemination or artificial insemination is the medical procedure where sperms are artificially inseminated into a woman’s uterus. This is mainly done when due to some underlying issue, fertilization doesn’t happen.
When is IUI required?
Some of the medical conditions under which IUI procedure might be required are:
- When sperm count is low or the mobility is low.
- Cervical issues or scars that prevent the entry of sperms
- Unestablished fertility issues
When might IUI not be a good choice?
IUI introduces the sperm artificially but that might prove futile if the woman’s reproductive system has other complications such as the following;
- If there is some infection in the fallopian tube
- If the woman has endometriosis or pelvic infections
In these cases, conception might be difficult.
The actual procedure:
The following are the main steps done during a full sequence of artificial insemination:
- The ovulation cycle of the woman is monitored
- If required, ovulation treatment would be first started
- The semen sample is collected from the man and analyzed in the lab.
- Slower immobile sperms are separated
- The active sperm sample is kept ready for insemination
- A day or two within the ovulation period, when the Luteinizing Hormone increases, it indicates the release of a mature ovum
- The active sperm sample is then inseminated into the uterus
The entire procedure would be completed in minutes. Some women experience mild abdominal cramping after the procedure. Other than that there would be no signs of discomfort. A few hours of rest is all that is needed.
Possible risks of IUI treatment:
IUI treatment, in general, doesn’t have any established risks associated with it. A few possible implications from an IUI procedure could be:
- Sometimes when fertility treatment drugs are taken during an artificial insemination procedure, it might result in more than one sperm getting fertilized. This might lead to pregnancy with multiples.
- On rare cases, the woman undergoing IUI could contract some infection
Both these cases are pretty rare though.
How successful is an IUI procedure?
When a woman has no other fertility or conception issue, the probability of the success of the IUI procedure is high. The success rate of the IUI treatment depends on a lot of other factors as well:
- Age of the woman
- Fallopian tube health
- Health of the uterus
- Quality of the ovum
- Other underlying issues that led to the infertility
All in all, it should be remembered that IUI treatment needn’t always be successful right in the first attempt. In most couples, it turns out successful after a few trials. If it still proves ineffective, the next option to consider would be In-vitro Fertilization.