What is Menopur?
Menopur is a fertility medication given through injections. It falls under the category of human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG). Menopur is the brand name, whereas Menotropin is the generic name. This medication is a combination of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). FSH triggers the development of ovarian follicles in your ovary prior release of the egg from the follicle during ovulation. LH, on the other hand, causes ovulation to occur and the growth of the corpus luteum. For the drug to be effective, it is used together with HCG to trigger ovulation. It is used if you have healthy ovaries, your ovaries can produce follicles, although hormonal stimulation is inadequate. If your ovaries don’t make eggs, you can’t use the drug. As you use this medicine, you’re at a risk of its side effects. Scared to hear about negative effects, bear in mind any drug you use has desirable effects and undesirable effects, even over the counter medicines. To handle the unwanted effects, it’s good to be aware they can happen. You can enquire from the members of your support group the negative effects they have experienced and what they did. Nevertheless, consult your doctor as well, he is the expert and knows the best remedies for the unwanted effects; the support group helps you realize you are not alone, the doctor has the final word concerning the use of Menopur and its negative effects.
If you are going through in vitro fertilization, this medication is often used. Take note that the success of IVF is determined by the number of eggs collected. The higher the number the better, the eggs must be of good quality, though. Ovarian stimulation is a key step in IVF and Menopur is used as part of ovarian stimulation. In the process, you may be faced with unwanted effects of Menopur. This drug prompts the growth of multiple eggs in IVF, 15 eggs is the ideal number of the eggs to be harvested to increase the chances of live birth, not all the eggs will make it in the IVF procedure.
A nurse or a doctor will give the medicine as an injection under your skin. Your doctor can take you through the procedure of giving the shots and how to discard the needles and syringes used. If you have the confidence to do it, you don’t have to go to the clinic, but you will be faced with side effects. If using the medicine at home, strictly follow the procedure given by the doctor to give the shots and to throw the needles and syringes used. Be observant for the drug undesired effects and contact the doctor if they are persistent and severe.
A lot of people experience minor Menopur negative effects or none; for the minor effects, they disappear with time as the body become used to the drug. The drug has helped many couples dealing with infertility. You may require medical intervention if you get severe negative effects.
Common Negative Effects Include:
- Pain, swelling and irritation on the injection spot
- Weakness of muscles and joints
Most of the time, the above-listed negative effects are mild. If the following unwanted effects happen, schedule a visit to see your physician:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Fever, cough and sore throat (flu-like symptoms)
- Pain during urination
Although the unwanted effects outlined above rarely happens, they can cause serious health issues if you don’t get medical help on time. It’s important to be on the lookout and see the doctor if the undesirable effects affect your daily work schedules. A few negative effects are fatal and you need to stop using the drug, but notify your fertility expert and visit the nearest health facility.
The Severe Negative Effects Are:
- Difficulty breathing
- Symptoms of blood clots like chest pain
- Symptoms of stroke such as an unusual headache and difficulty speaking
- Signs of allergic reactions, for example, swelling on the face
- Signs of OHSS (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome) like decreased amount of urine
People are very different, what affects you may not affect the other person and so are the side effects. You may experience a few unwanted effects while another patient doesn’t. Still, you may encounter some negative effects not mentioned above, if that happens, contact your doctor.
Who Shouldn’t Use This Medication
As earlier stated, Menopur is a drug that has benefited many. Despite that, if you have health conditions you can’t use the drug as it will lead to adverse side effects. In such a scenario, the risks outweigh the benefit because of the health conditions like:
- Tumors of the womb, ovaries and pituitary gland
- Ovarian cysts unless they are as result of PCOS
- Abnormalities of the womb and sexual organs
- Vaginal bleeding with unknown cause
- Uterine fibroids
- Primary ovarian failure
- Thyroid, adrenal and pituitary problem which are uncontrolled
Menopur is a prescription drug. The doctor will engage you in conversation to determine if the drug will be of an advantage to you. Your medical history is important and you don’t leave out any detail. The doctor may need to carry out physical examinations and tests to make sure the drug is the best for you. If he prescribes the drug, watch out for the side effects of Menopur injections. If he doesn’t authorize you to use the drug, take it easy and respect his judgment, he is a skilled, experienced practitioner and will recommend what you can use as an alternative.