What is Serophene?
Serophene also known as clomiphene is a non steroidal medication used to treat infertility in women. It may also be used for other purposes and conditions as determined by the doctor. It is used to cause ovulation in women who have certain medical conditions including the polycystic ovary syndrome. However, it is not recommended for those women whose ovaries do not make eggs properly. Serophene acts by increasing certain specific hormones that support the growth and release of a mature egg which in turn lead to the ovaries releasing mature eggs.
Who should not use this medication?
There are some medical conditions that may interact with Serophene when used together. Therefore, you should first contact your doctor if you have any of the following conditions:
- You are allergic to any drug ingredient
- You experience abnormal bleeding of the vagina
- You had or have liver problems
- You have small growths on the ovaries or enlargements that are not caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome.
- You have a brain lesion or an uncontrolled thyroid or adrenal gland problem
Serophene should not be used if you are already pregnant. It can pass into your breast milk thus posing a risk to your baby. Apart from that, it may also slow breast milk production in some women.
How to use it
Before using it, you should check the label on the medicine for the exact dosage and then use it as directed by your doctor. It should be taken with or without food and is effective when timed. The dosage may be occasionally changed by your doctor for best results. Serophene is usually taken for five days beginning on the 5th day of your menstrual period. Since you will most likely ovulate within 5 – 10 days after you have taken this medication, you should have sexual intercourse between this period to increase your chances of becoming pregnant.
The maximum dose for this medication is usually 100 mg daily for 5 days. However, it should not be used for longer periods or more than three treatment cycles. This may result to an increased rate of you developing an ovarian tumor.
What if I miss a dose?
It is always important to take this medication as prescribed by your doctor. However, if you miss a dose you can take it as soon as you get to remember and afterwards continue with your regular schedule. If it’s almost time for your next dose you can skip the missed dose but never take a double dose to make up for the missed dose. If you are not sure what to do, you can call your doctor.
What if I overdose?
If you overdose, you are advised to seek emergency medical attention or call any poison help line. Some of the symptoms of overdose include stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and vision changes.
How to store
It should be stored at room temperature away from heat, light, and moisture. It should be kept away from children and pets.
All medications are most likely to cause side effects though some people may experience minor or even no side effects at all.
Some of the most common side effects include:
- Pain when breathing, short of breathe or a rapid heart rate
- Rapid weight gain mostly on the face and midsection
- Stomach pain or bloating
- Nervousness and restlessness
- Having trouble sleeping
- Little or no urinating
- Headache, nausea, diarrhea or vomiting
- Breast pain or tenderness
- Breakthrough bleeding or spotting
If you notice any of the following side effects call your doctor at once:
- Heavy vaginal bleeding
- Pelvic pain or enlargement of the pelvic area
- Vision problems
- Blurred vision or sensitivity of the eyes to light
You should stop taking this medication and call your doctor at once if you notice any of these:
- Symptoms of the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (abdominal pain or pelvic pain or discomfort, bloating, nausea, difficulty in breathing, rapid weight gain, decreased amount of urine, diarrhea, vomiting)
- Symptoms of a severe allergic reaction (swelling of the face or throat, shortness of breath, hives)
What other medications could interact with it?
Before taking Serophene, tell your doctor about all the over the counter, prescription, herbal medications, and supplements that you are currently taking. From that, your doctor will either change how you are taking one or both of the medications or even want you to leave everything as is depending on your specific circumstances.