Human chorionic gonadotropin such as Pregnyl has benefited men and women dealing with infertility. Pregnyl is a prescription medication and falls under the category of synthetic hormone or man-made hormone, which balances natural hormones in your body. The medication is given by injection into the muscle and contains chorionic gonadotropin as the active ingredient. During its use, you will be faced with side effects.
What is used for?
The drug has a number of uses like:
- To trigger ovulation in women undergoing infertility treatment as a result of ovulation challenges
- Stimulating maturation of eggs in the last stage of in vitro fertilization for female having such fertility treatment
- Treat low sperm count in men
- Used to correct testicles in boys which haven’t dropped.
- To manage delayed puberty in boys
- Used in weight loss
In men, Pregnyl is used in combination with other fertility medicines such as Puregon; although the man will be at risk of the drug side effects. The effects vary from one patient to another. This medication raises testosterone production in the testicles in men; it also aids the follicle stimulating hormone to work efficiently. It takes three to four months for the wanted effect of the medication to be seen; the treatment period is the same period the sperm takes to fully develop. If the sperm count hasn’t improved after four months, the drug therapy may continue. Constantly communicate with the fertility expert, keep all appointments and follow the guidelines given. The doctor may do a semen analysis after six months or earlier. Though dealing with infertility isn’t an easy task, collaborate with the physician, bear in mind he is working tirelessly to ensure you get back your fertility. In boys, the medicine increases testosterone production to deal with undescended testicles and to prompt puberty in boys experiencing delays. Look out for negative effects of Pregnyl and if necessary inform the doctor.
In women, the drug almost works the same way in a male; the only difference is that in the female, ovulation is being triggered. Pregnyl stimulates follicles to mature as well as ovulation to take place if you are experiencing challenges with natural ovulation. Using the drug puts one at risk of being faced with negative effects. If you don’t fear needles, a nurse or the doctor may train you to give the injections at home. However, follow the guidelines strictly, if you forget the procedure, contact the physician or visit the hospital to get the injection.
The medication is used in weight loss together with a diet. How does it aid in shedding the extra kilos? It increases metabolism resulting in weight loss. The diet must be low in calories. The FDA hasn’t approved the drug for weight loss.
The drug dosage will vary from one person to another. The doctor determines the amount of medicine to take and the period depending on:
- The condition the drug is being used to treat
- Other drugs you are on
- How the body reacts after taking the drug
In a woman, the recommended dose ranges from 5000 to 10000 USP units to stimulate ovulation and result in pregnancy. When Pregnyl is administered by a health care provider, an occurrence of an under dose or an overdose is almost zero. Nonetheless, if given the injection from home, strictly follow the doctor’s prescription; you can contact the doctor if uncertain of the quantity of drug to take. Take note that taking an overdose may worsen the drug side effects. The medication falls under the pregnancy category X as classified by the FDA, though it’s a fertility medication, it shouldn’t be used during pregnancy. In case you become pregnant, stop taking the medication and contact the doctor with immediate effect. This injection can interact with other drugs, it’s crucial to inform the doctor the medication you are on and existing medical conditions if any. Particularly, tell your physician if you have the following:
- Allergic to Pregnyl or other existing allergies
- Have experienced early onset puberty
- Have asthma
- Have heart disease
- Have kidney disease
- Have cancer triggered by androgens for example prostate cancer
To ensure the drug is working as expected, visit the doctor regularly and ask questions if any. If need be, request the health care provider to take you through a refresher course on how to give Pregnyl shot.
Pregnyl side effects
Negative effects of Pregnyl will be determined by the amount of the drug you are taking, the genetic makeup, existing medical conditions and the period you have taken the medication. Although the side effects may scare you, concentrate on the positive side of the drug and before you know it, the condition being dealt with by the medicine will improve. Nevertheless, this doesn’t mean you become ignorant of the negative effects. Be watchful to detect something out of the ordinary such as urinating less than normal, which may be a sign of OHSS (ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome). The undesired effects may be normal, mild or severe. Some patients never experience the negative effects.
Below is a list of common negative effects:
- Swelling or water gain
- Breast swelling or tenderness
- Injection site reactions like swelling, redness, pain and irritation
- Early onset puberty
The common side effects of Pregnyl injection are normally mild and clear on their own. If you experience the following serious unwanted effects, seek medical intervention:
- Blood clot formation
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
- Allergic reactions
- Full body swelling
- Difficulty breathing
The above mentioned negative effects do not include all the undesired effects; your physician will give more information on all the side effects. If your child is on the medication, the drug may trigger early puberty, therefore, in case you detect too much hair growth, acne, rapid weight gain, deepened voice or early breast development, consult a doctor immediately. You can train the child to be vigilant on these changes.
Other medications under the category of human chorionic gonadotropin may have identical side effects since they contain chorionic gonadotropin as the active ingredients.