Millions of women struggle with infertility globally, are you among the statistics? Well, if that’s the case, fertility drugs for women may be the solution for you. What is entailed in oral fertility drugs for women and injections? In short, most medications promote ovulation. You may opt to explore other methods to help you increase chances of getting pregnant such as in vitro fertilization; however fertility drugs are a crucial part of fertility treatment. Fertility medicines are many; the doctor will prescribe the drugs depending on:
- Cause of infertility
- Your age
- Personal preferences
- The period you have been infertile
- The amount of money you are willing to spend
Infertility is a complicated condition, thus, treatment involves, time, finances, physical and psychological commitments. You may require one or several therapies to bring back fertility; the doctor may prescribe different types of medicines. The journey to restore fertility isn’t easy, at times you may experience low moments, but you must have the inner strength to help you carry on. Fertility medicines help women with health conditions such as:
- Ovulation problems
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Thyroid disorders
- Eating disorders
- Weight problems (being overweight or underweight)
- Excess prolactin
Types Of Fertility Drugs For Women
Infertility drugs for women regulate or stimulate your ovulation. The medicines assume the role of natural hormone for example follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) to trigger ovulation. They are used if you ovulate regularly to aid in stimulating better eggs; if you have irregular ovulation, to regulate ovulation. Some fertility medications hinder premature ovulation in ART (assisted reproductive technology).
Fertility drugs for women include:
- Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid) – it is a common medication for ovarian issues. It has been in existence for many years and has kept a good track record in dealing with infertility. It is a non-hormonal drug which is taken orally. It acts on your pituitary gland to increase levels of FSH and LH. The hormone triggers the growth of ovarian follicles holding the eggs. It is used if you don’t ovulate regularly and when you don’t ovulate at all.
- Human menopausal gonadotropins (HMG) – it may be given if Clomid is ineffective, especially if you have challenges with levels of FSH and LH. It’s very effective during IVF (in vitro fertilization) or IUI (intrauterine insemination). It is given in form of injections; Menopur and Repronex are examples of HMG women fertility drugs.
- Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) – it is also an example of fertility drugs for women. It prompts your ovaries to produce many follicles, thus more eggs. Follistim, Bravelle, and Gonal-F fall under the category of FSH.
- Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) – it aids in the maturation of your follicles and stimulates ovulation. Profasi and Pregnyl are HCG female fertility drugs.
- Some medications for type II diabetes such as Metformin and Glucophage are also used as fertility drugs for women. They are prescribed if insulin resistance is the cause or suspected reason for infertility; the drugs deals with insulin resistance and levels of androgens, eventually increasing chances of ovulation. A physician prescribes Glucophage or Metformin with Clomid or FSH. The combination therapy triggers regular ovulation.
- Letrozole or Femara – these female infertility drugs belongs to a class of medicines called aromatase inhibitors and works just like Clomid. It is used in women to induce ovulation and if a woman has unexplained infertility. If you don’t respond to Clomid, Letrozole can be used to stimulate ovulation.
- Bromocriptine – if you are experiencing ovulation challenges due to excess prolactin, Bromocriptine is the best medication for you. Prolactin hormone triggers milk production; too much of it impairs ovulation. This explains why breastfeeding is used as a method of birth control.
Do women fertility drugs differ? It depends on why you are having difficulties getting pregnant. For example, if you have PCOS, you need to use fertility drugs for women with PCOS such as Metformin. Other women may respond better to a combination of Clomid and Metformin or Glucophage.
Risks Of Infertility Drugs For Women
Using drugs to increase fertility in women carries some risks like:
- Pregnancy with multiples – oral fertility drugs for women has a minimal risk of having twins. Injectable fertility drugs for women carry a higher risk of getting triplets or even more. If you are expecting twins or triplets you have a high-risk pregnancy; because of the higher the number of the fetus you are carrying, the greater the chances of birth defects, low birth weight and premature labor.
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) – injecting fertility drugs leads to swollen painful ovaries. Symptoms of OHSS are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, bloating and abdominal pains. If OHSS is mild, the signs clear without any medication. However, if the OHSS is severe, you have to seek medical intervention. If OHSS is severe, your ovaries become bigger and painful, you gain weight rapidly and you experience shortness of breath.
Coping Strategies While On Fertility Drugs For Women
Dealing with infertility is tiresome both physically and mentally. You need to have strategies to help you cope through the journey of restoring fertility. Try out the following strategies:
- Be prepared for fertility treatment– request the physician to elaborate the steps for the therapy you will undergo so that you can prepare in advance. Understanding the procedures saves you from anxiety and stress.
- Seek support – it is true that infertility is a personal issue, but to lessen the burden, involve your partner, friends, close family members or a counselor for professional support.
- Eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly – come up with a moderate exercise regime and eat healthy foods to boost fertility naturally; this will keep you focused and have the will power to live despite fertility challenges.
- Consider other alternatives early in advance – be prepared for other options in case the fertility drugs for women fails. If the conception doesn’t take place, you won’t be disappointed. You can start thinking of adoption, egg donors, assisted reproductive technology or staying without children.
The above information about female fertility drugs is to give you ideas of the treatment options available. You can learn more by visiting a fertility expert and have a discussion of what may be the best fertility drugs for you. If need be, you will undergo several tests for the doctor to come up with a private treatment plan to deal with your infertility challenges. Sooner than you expect, you will find a solution.