Just like a woman, a man desires to have children. Interestingly, fertility is an issue a male conveniently blames the wife for. Nonetheless, infertility isn’t all about the woman in marriage; a man can be infertile too. Perhaps the easiest way to find the reason for male infertility is for the doctor to carry out a sperm analysis. Unhealthy sperms make conception impossible. Hormones imbalance can result to poor sperm motility and low sperm count. Besides faulty hormones, male infertility can be triggered by:
- Using recreational drugs
- Damaged sperm ducts
- Retrograde ejaculation
- Inadequate vitamin C, iron and zinc
- Tight underwear
- Exposure to toxins
The just outlined causes of infertility can’t be treated by fertility drugs for men; some of the conditions may need surgery to correct them, you may contact a fertility expert for more information. It’s important to note poor sperm health is the main cause of infertility in men and this is when male fertility medications can rescue the situation.
Fertility Medications For Men
Are you wondering if you may use prescription male fertility drugs? It all relies on the fertility problem and the physician is the right person to decide if the medicines for fertility will correct the situation or not. Male fertility medications can help you in case you have some condition such as:
- Hormonal imbalance
- Poor sperm motility, mobility, and quantity
- Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism
Hormones responsible for female reproduction also control male reproduction. Thus, medicines used by women to restore ovulation may be used in men. Below are male infertility drugs that the doctor may prescribe:
- Clomid – being a non-steroid medication, it is used to boost production of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) by the pituitary gland. FSH and LH aids in healthy sperm production. FSH is useful in sperm maturation in a process termed as spermatogenesis, whereas LH triggers production of testosterone hormone. Low testosterone hormone is linked to low sperm count, thus, when Clomid is used, it supports synthesis and secretion of the testosterone indirectly. The medication is beneficial to infertile men as a result of testosterone deficiency.
- Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) alone or a combination of FSH and LH– if Clomid therapy is unsuccessful, men fertility meds containing FSH only, for example, Follistim, Puregon, Gonal –F and Bravelle are used to stimulate your testicles directly for sperm production. Additionally, you can use infertility drugs for men containing the combination of FSH and LH to increase sperm count, such drugs are Menopur and Repronex.
- Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) – HCG injections for men infertility stimulates sperm production in men with low levels of FSH and LH due to pituitary malfunction, the condition is known as Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (although it is a rare condition). In case you have the condition, HCG injections for men fertility can take months to restore your sperm quality. Novarel, Pregnyl, and Profasi are the brand name for HCG. At times, HCG is used in combination with HMG to trigger testosterone production. To start with, you will receive three HCG injections weekly for six months, resulting in enlargement of the testes and testosterone levels normalize. Then, HMG injections are given together with HCG until sperm production is achieved, HMG use is discontinued, and HCG treatment continues along.
- Letrozole or Femara – it is an anti-estrogen and may restore infertility in obese men; Letrozole binds to the aromatase enzyme that’s why it’s said to be an aromatase inhibitor. Minimal levels of estrogen aren’t harmful ad they are useful in a number of functions such as bone density. Fertility specialists believe obesity in men may result in infertility. How is this possible? Excess fat is converted to estrogen, your aromatase enzyme changes androgens into estrogen, on taking aromatase inhibitor like Letrozole, the action is inhibited, resulting in high testosterone levels and sperm count as well.
- Bromocriptine – it is used if you have high levels of Prolactin hormone though it is a rare cause of infertility in men; men with elevated levels of prolactin are impotent.
Do These Medications Work?
It’s unfortunate that the success rate in men is much lower when compared to the success rate in women. Nonetheless, the male infertility drugs work and millions of men have been beneficiaries, but will be at risk of side effects.
Below are the usual side effects:
- Blurred vision
- Breast enlargement
- Weight gain
- Mood changes
- Hot flashes though it’s a rare occurrence
- Changes in sex drive
Alternatives to Increase Male Fertility
As mentioned earlier, the success rate is limited in men. Therefore, it’s crucial to explore other ways to boost male fertility. Have a look at the tips below which can increase your fertility:
- Diet – a healthy diet can work miracles and increases chances of causing a pregnancy.
- Quit alcohol and smoking – this habit may lead to male infertility and they are not good for the general health.
- Avoid high temperatures – are you a lover of saunas, well, that may be the cause of the low sperm count, a cold bath is better for your sperm health.
- Do away with tight fitting clothes – tight clothes may improve your appearance, but interferes with your fertility. So, which is easier, enjoying the tight jeans and compromise your fertility or wear loose clothes to boost sperm count?
- Avoid stressing yourself– it’s true that dealing with fertility is nerve wrecking and stressful, but think of this; stress lower chances of conception. Take part in activities you enjoy so as to relax and lead a stress-free life.
- Try out supplements – supplements may improve your fertility, for more information, you can refer to your doctor.
Men prefer to keep to themselves when it comes to male fertility, but don’t suffer alone, put your pride apart and seek medical help. You can try out fertility drugs for men; the tips explained above or follow the doctor’s advice. Sooner or later, you will be a father.