Understanding Male Infertility: Its Causes and Treatment Options

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male infertility

Male infertility is a common problem in the world today. Recent studies conducted suggest that infertility affects 1 out of every six couples. Male infertility can be simply defined as the inability of a man to make their partner conceive after approximately six months of regular and unprotected sexual intercourse. However, it is not such a big problem to be embarrassed about as it can be remedied. For most men, the physical signs of infertility are not as obvious as in women.


There are many causes of infertility in men , including environmental, lifestyle, hormonal and physical causes. These factors may directly impact on the production, quality and transfer of sperms.


The following are the major causes of male infertility:


1. Environmental causes

Environmental factors such as exposure to toxins, chemicals and heat can limit sperm production. Substances such as industrial chemicals, heavy metals and, radiation inhibit sperm function. Overheating of the testicles can as well cause male infertility.

2. Health and lifestyle causes

Lifestyle issues may contribute to male infertility. Things like poor diet, alcoholism , tobacco smoking, emotional stress and obesity can negatively impact on the production and quality of sperm.

3. Hormonal imbalance

Apart from controlling one’s sex drive, hormones control the production and maturation of sperms. Too low or too high hormonal levels make conception difficult.

4. Physical issues

Physical complications are also a major cause of male infertility. The most common ones include varicocele and a blocked seminal tract. Physical injury to the testicles negatively impact on sperm production hence reducing the chances of conception.


Male infertility can have disastrous effects on an individual’s emotional health. However, with today’s improved medical technology, couples can still remain hopeful.


Here are the top fertility treatment options:


Fertility drugs


This is the most common treatment approach used in infertility. Fertility drugs help couples to conceive the child they have always dreamed of. These drugs stimulate the release of hormones that promote sperm production.


Reproductive surgery


This treatment option is applied where a man has developed anatomical abnormalities that contribute to infertility . Reproductive surgery is the best way to correct it. This procedure removes scars, clears blockages and corrects any underlying anatomical defects. The success of reproductive surgery largely depends on an individual’s age and health condition. Medical experts have in the past argued that this procedure is effective in men aged 60 and below. The choice of fertility clinic also determines the chances of its success.


Top fertility drugs


Some of the most commonly prescribed fertility drugs for men include Crinone, Lupron, Repronex, Gonal F, clomiphene citrate and human chorionic gonadotropin . These drugs are administered to prompt the testicles to produce testosterone and more sperm.


Tips on how to promote male fertility


Lead a healthy lifestyle.


A healthy lifestyle plays a key role in promoting fertility. It would be best to eat nutritious foods, perform regular exercises, avoid substance abuse and above all , avoid emotional stress.


Use herbs and oils that induce sperm production. These include, flax seed oil, fish oil, pumpkin seed oil, sunflower oil, palmetto, Chinese herb ginseng, macaw, and astral Gus.

Article Name
Understanding Male Infertility , Its Causes and Treatment Options
Male infertility is a common problem in the world today. Recent studies conducted suggest that infertility affects 1 out of every six couples.
Publisher Name
Fertility Drugs Online
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