Progesterone is a vital hormone in a woman’s body and its fertility role is unquestionable. It’s commonly termed as the pregnancy hormone and it’s produced by the corpus luteum to support the lining of the uterus for the fertilized egg to implant and grow; progesterone is important before and during pregnancy and its main role is the development and maintenance of the uterus lining. Progesterone levels are highest between the fifth and the ninth day of the monthly cycle, after this period, the hormone levels drop. After ovulation, progesterone production is released and continues to rise after ovulation, making a woman more fertile. Progesterone level may be detected by using an ovulation prediction kit.
A woman’s menstruation cycle has many phases, for example, luteal phase, it occurs prior menstruation and after ovulation. During this period, the uterus becomes thicker in preparation for a potential pregnancy. If a woman experiences difficulty in conception or gets pregnant, but a miscarriage(s) occurs, it’s possible that a luteal phase defect is to be blamed. Luteal phase defect is a condition that disrupts the monthly cycle. Because of the condition, the endometrium doesn’t grow as expected (getting thicker) making it hard for conception to happen or remaining pregnant. What are the causes of luteal phase defect? In a healthy woman, the luteal phase lasts for 12 to 14 days. In the course of this period, the ovaries release progesterone hormone, signaling the lining of the womb to thicken. If fertilization occurs, the fertilized egg attaches to the thickened lining. However, if conception doesn’t take place, the endometrium sheds and this is known as menses.
Luteal phase defects can occur if the ovaries don’t produce enough progesterone or the lining of the womb is unresponsive to the hormone. The condition is associated with a number of health problems such as:
- Extreme amounts of physical activity
- Hyperprolactinemia (excess prolactin hormone)
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Thyroid disorders
A woman may take Progesterone 100 mg to deal with inadequate progesterone or to correct the luteal phase defect.
What is Progesterone?
The pills or the capsule mimics the role of natural progesterone for women dealing with infertility associated with low progesterone. The pill acts on the lining of the uterus and aids a woman to conceive and stay pregnant. The medication is a prescription drug. If you have a 28-day menstrual cycle, start taking Progesterone 100 mg capsules on the 14th day of the monthly cycle; continue with the pills for 14 days or as directed by the physician. The medication is also used in women going through assisted reproductive technology (ART) such as in-vitro fertilization, frozen embryo transfers, and donor egg. Female undergoing the ART takes fertility drugs which interfere with the body’s natural production of progesterone hormone. Hence, using 100 mg Progesterone is inevitable for a successful outcome. When the drug is used to deal with infertility, it boosts progesterone levels in the body, endometrium lining becomes thicker if conception occurs and fertilization, fetal growth is supported.
The pills are also used to regulate the menstrual cycle and treat the unusual absence of monthly periods (secondary amenorrhea) caused by low levels of progesterone, birth control, stress and other circumstances. Furthermore, Progesterone 100 mg to treat the overgrowth of uterus lining and its used in females taking estrogen to improve signs and symptoms of menopause; in other words, it’s used during hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. Females who go through the therapy may experience relieve on symptoms like:
- Hot flashes
- Night sweats
- Vaginal dryness
- Improves mood as well as state of mind
- Minimizes risk of osteoporosis and diabetes
- Provides a calming effect
- Make it easier to sleep
What to Remember
- If one is about to have a major surgery and taking Progesterone capsules, remember to inform the doctor you are on the medication since you may need to stop taking the medication about four weeks before the surgery.
- Individuals, who are bedridden, paralyzed or are inactive are at risk of developing blood clots, so talk to the physician prior taking the drug if these situations are applicable.
- Older women past the age of 65 and are already done with menopause must avoid the pills because it makes them prone to dementia.
- Progesterone capsules may interact with the prescription, non-prescription, illegal, recreational, herbal, nutritional and dietary drugs one is taking. For example, alcohol consumption can lead to dehydration, which may dry the mucous membranes and the lining of the vaginal. After menopause, a lot of women experience vaginal dryness and alcohol consumption while on the medicine makes it difficult to treat such symptoms.
- Avoid using Progesterone capsules, if you have a history of breast cancer, liver disease or if you have recently experienced stroke, a heart attack, blood clot, and unexplained abnormal vaginal bleeding .
- It’s crucial to keep the doctor’s appointments to check the progress, to ensure the drug is working as expected and to detect unwanted effects. Breast exam, pelvic exam and breast X-ray (mammogram) may be done unless the medical care provider advises otherwise.
- One is at risk of heart disease and stroke from this drug is higher if one is a smoker. The risk is increased if one is diabetic, have high cholesterol or overweight, consult the health practitioner on ways to quit smoking, keeping diabetes under control, diet and exercise to lose excess pounds as well as control blood cholesterol levels .
While on the medication, one may encounter serious or mild unwanted effects. Severe negative effects need medical attention such as:
- Allergic reactions such as skin rash and itching
- Breast tissue discharge
- Changes in vaginal bleeding between or during periods
- Bone or muscle pain
- Pain or numbness in the arm or leg
- Pain in the chest, leg or groin
- Stomach pain
- Severe headache
As for the mild undesired effects brought by Progesterone, they may clear once you become used to the drug and may not require medical attention. Nevertheless, if the negative effects are troublesome, contact the doctor. Some examples of the unfavorable effects are:
- Fluid retention and swelling
- Increased appetite
- Mood changes such as anxiety, depression, frustration, anger and emotional outburst
- Sweating or hot flashes
From the above, it’s clear on the Progesterone 100 mg capsules benefits and the unwanted effects one will experience while on the medication; before taking the medicine, discuss with the physician about the pros and cons one will encounter while on Progesterone, if the advantages outweighs the disadvantage, it’s worth taking the drug. Compare the drug price in different reputable pharmacies and go for the best affordable price.